Medical Student Research Fellowship for Summer 2010
Mentor: Joseph A. Hill, MD, PhD
Department: Internal Medicine / Cardiology
Room number: NB11.200
Mail Code: 8573
Phone number: 8.1400
Project title: Molecular Mechanisms of Cardiac Remodeling
Human subjects IRB approved project number (where applicable):
Animal subjects IRB approved project number (where applicable): multiple
Project Type (patient-based research, animal-based research, or basic research; this characterization is only to permit a general classification for grouping similar types of projects)
both animal-based research and basic research
Brief Description of Project:
Our laboratory is interested in molecular signaling processes in cardiac hypertrophy
and failure. Using molecular, physiological, and electrophysiological approaches,
we study mechanisms of structural, functional, and electrical remodeling in
heart disease. These studies are based on genetic and surgical models of heart
disease in animals, as well as patients with hypertrophic heart disease and
Specific questions we are studying at present include:
" mechanisms governing the pathological growth response of the myocardium
" catabolic, atrophy-inducing pathways
" autophagy as a novel mechanism of remodeling that contributes to the transition from stable hypertrophy to heart failure
" mechanisms of Ca2+ metabolism in hypertrophied and failing ventricular myocytes with particular emphasis on transcriptional and post-translational regulation of the L-type Ca2+ channel
" stem-cell based cardiac regeneration
Previous Research Activities or Publications with Medical Students:
In several instances, summer students have made substantive contributions to on-going research projects. When this occurs, their efforts are acknowledged with co-authorship on manuscripts. Examples of this include the following:
Ni, Y.G., Berenji, K., Wang, N., Oh, M., Sachan, N., Dey, A., Cheng, J., Lu, G., Morris, D.J., Castrillon, D., Gerard, R.D, Rothermel, B.A., Hill, J.A. FoxO transcription factors blunt cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting calcineurin signaling. Circulation 114:1159-1168, 2006.
Wang, Y., Cheng, J., Chen, G., Rob, F., Naseem, R.H., Nguyen, L., Johnstone, J., Hill, J.A. Remodeling of outward K+ currents in pressure-overload heart failure. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 18:869-875, 2007.
Tannous, P., Zhu, H., Johnstone, J.L., Shelton, J.M., Soorappan, R., Benjamin, I.J., Nguyen, L., Gerard, R.D., Levine, B., Rothermel, B.A., Hill, J.A. Autophagy is an adaptive response in desmin-related cardiomyopathy. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105(28):9745-9750, 2008.
Wang, Y., Tandan, S., Cheng, J., Yang, C., Nguyen, L., Sugianto, J. Johnstone, J.L., Sun, Y. and Hill, J.A. CaMKII-dependent remodeling of Ca2+ current in pressure-overload heart failure. J Biol Chem 283(37):25524-32, 2008.